Tripartite Agreement Of 1906

3 Delcassé à Caillaux, July 1, 1901, No. 309, D.D.F., Ser. 2, 1, Monson to Lansdowne, 13 May, 27 July 1901, FO 1/41, Public Record Office, London. Gilmour, T. Lennox, Abyssinia: The Ethiopian Railway and the Powers (London, 1906), 12-18Google Scholar; Marcus, , Menelik II, p. 201-2.Google Scholar 39 Cambon to Rouvier, February 28 and March 8, 1906, 322 and 398, D.D.F., ser. 2, 9; Eubank, , Cambon, p. 119.Google Scholar 42 minute by Grey to Egerton to Grey, June 19, 1906, FO 371/1. 41 Grey to Bertie, 1 June 1906 [ab/06/3], Bertie Papers A, FO 800/160; Egerton to Grey, June 19, 1906; Grey to Bertie, June 19, 1906; Bertie to Grey, June 21, 1906, with one minute from Gorst, and Grey to Bertie, June 22, 1906, FO 371/1. A careful reading of French Diplomatic Documents, Series 2, Volume 1-9 (Paris, 1929) Google Scholar (hereafter referred to as d.D.F.) gives a fair picture of the importance that the French brought to the colonization of the Ethiopian Railways and the tripartite treaty as evidence of British intentions in the light of the Cordial Agreement of 1904, but they do not substitute for research at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. This study was not based on original research in the French diplomatic archives. 43 Ethiopia was outraged by the treaty.

Under the authority of Menelik`s view of the contract, the best thing Harrington could present was to say that the Ethiopian monarch would not make a formal objection. On Harrington`s proposal, Menelik coldly confirmed the receipt of the treaty, but said that this agreement does not limit what we consider to be our sovereign rights. After receiving Menelik`s notification, the three powers signed the tripartite contract on December 13, 1906. Harrington to Grey, October 12 and December 1 and 5, 1906 and Grey to Clerk, December 13, 1906, FO 371/1. Subsequently, the French negotiated a new concession for the continuation of the railway to the Ethiopian capital, but much more so under the conditions of Ethiopia. The route was finally completed during the First World War and remained the only railway in Ethiopia. 1 Only two scholars have published work on the 1906 three-year contract. Marcus, Harold G., “A Preliminary History of the Tripartite Treaty of Dec.

Dec. 1906,” Journal of Ethiopian Studies 11 (1964): 21-41Google Scholar, and The Life and Times of Menelik II, Ethiopia 1844-1913 (Oxford, 1975) Google Scholar assesses the treaty in the African context. Eubank, Keith, Paul Cambon, Master Diplomatist (Norman Oklahoma, 1960)Google Scholar briefly focuses on the role of the French ambassador to London in the negotiations of the agreement. None of the following standard works mention the Ethiopian treatise: Andrew, Christopher, Théophile Delcassé and the Making of the Cordial Agreement (New York, 1968) CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Gifford, Prosser and Louis, William Roger eds,, France and United Kingdom in Africa (New Haven, 1971) Google Scholar; Charles W. Porter: The Career of Theophile Delcassé (Philadelphia, 1936) CrossRefGoogle Scholar; George Monger: The End of Isolation (London, 1963) Google Scholar; Rolo, P.J.V., Cordial Agreement (London, 1969) Google Scholar; and Williamson, Samuel R., The Politics of Grand Strategy (Cambridge, Mass., 1969) Google Scholar. Hinsley, F.H., ed., British Foreign Policy Under Sir Edward Grey (Cambridge, 1977) briefly mentions, p. 119.Google Scholar 40 Grey to Bertie, 21, 22 and 23 May 1906; Grey to Egerton, May 23 and June 6, FO 371/1; Cambon to Bourgeois, 16.04.1906, No. 13, D.D.F., ser. 2, 10; Marcus, “A Preliminary History of the Tripartite Treaty,” Journal of Ethiopian Studies 11 (1964): 35-36.Google Scholar 13 Bertie to Lansdowne, 25 May; Morin`s memo, August 29; And Rodd in Lansdowne, September 6, 1903, FO 403/334. According to the Foreign Minister, the Italians “were not… partners” in a reciprocal guarantee of respective ownership in East Africa.

Lansdowne minute on the Italian memo, May 23, 1903, FO 1/43; Lansdowne to Bertie, October 8, 1903, FO 403/334. “Memo of Harrington and Rodd on the Anglo-Italian Provisional Agreement, including to Bertie zu Lansdowne, Dec.